We took a drive yesterday into Illinois and came across a M3 Halftrack with a twin AA mount. It was a memorial to the 45th Infantry Division and was parked on a VFW Post located on the Wisconsin\Illinois border.
The 45th Infantry Division was a Oklahoma National Guard unit mobilized early for the war.
But, why a memorial to the 45th in Northern Illinois?
I’ve read the casualty and sickness rate for infantry divisions was quite high and while a unit might have come from a particular regional area the replacements were drawn from all over the USA and the unit lost its original flavor.
There is a museum for the 45th in their home state of Oklahoma.
The Thunderbird was chosen because of the high number of American Indians in Oklahoma and hence in the National Guard. Ironically, the division’s symbol in the 1930’s was a swastika, a symbol special to the American Indians that had nothing to do with Nazism.
As noted in the campaign history above the 45th liberated the concentration camp at Dachau. A unit of the 45th executed between 30-50 German soldiers (some were camp guards but others were simply POWs) upon finding the horrors in the camp. Apparently, some of the executioners were to be court-martialed but General Patton intervened and none were punished. (Read more here on the Dachau Massacre)
The history also records the 45th captured Anzio Annie a huge German railway gun. The picture below shows the event.
There are quite a number of roadside memorials in my area but this is the first one I’ve found with a M3 Halftrack.